Indicators for species diversity
The BioBio species diversity indicators operate at local to intermediate scales and cover the four major ecological functions which are relevant for farming: Primary production (plants), degradation of organic material (earthworms), pollination (wild bees and bumblebees), predation (spiders). The emphasis on invertebrates, in addition to vascular plants, reflects the contribution of invertebrates to overall species diversity, arthropods alone making up about 65% of the species number of all multicellular organisms. Moreover, they are relatively easy to monitor, provide relevant information on general environmental conditions, include emblematic species, react quickly to environmental changes, and substantial datasets are available in various European countries.
Plants: Vascular Plants Download indicator factsheet
Bees: Wild Bees and Bumblebees Download indicator factsheet
Spiders: Spiders Download indicator factsheet
Earthworms: Earthworms Download indicator factsheet